Papers published by the staff of the Center as a result of their research


05 October, 2022

The role of socio-economic and scientometric indicators in the cancer mortality rate

Scientific research in the field of healthcare contributes to solving not only medical, but also economic and social issues. One of the latest trends is the growing interest in evaluating the effectiveness of research conducted. In the current study, we have hypothesized that science contributes to the reduction of the Cancer Mortality Rate (CMR) by making awareness about and bringing attention to this disease. The purpose of our investigation is to study the possible correlation between five scientometric indicators (Web of Science Documents, International Collaborations, etc.) and CMR changes for 14 countries. Furthermore, the expenditures of GDP in both science and healthcare for each of the studied countries have been considered within the framework of cancer-science relations in order to find out the possible socio-economic impact on cancer incidence. Methodologically, the study relies on the principles of scientometric management. The research data were retrieved from Web of Science and the World Health Organization for the period from 1997 to 2017. To investigate the correlation between scientific research and the CMR, we have used bibliometric data and nonparametric statistical methods (the Kruskal-Wallis test, Spearman’s correlation coefficient) as well as the Dunn test of multiple group checks and the Shapiro-Wilk test. R language, Tidyverse package R and VOSviewer were used for data processing. The research results showed that during the period in question there was an increase in the CMR in Armenia and Georgia, while in Iran and Azerbaijan it remained almost consistent. For the rest of the countries from Asia and Europe, as well as Canada and the USA, the CMR experienced a downward trend. We have found close links between scientometric data, the CMR and economic costs for Europe and the USA. At the same time, for Armenia and neighbouring countries the correlation between the CMR and GDP was weak. Moreover, GDP costs incurred in healthcare and science did not have a positive effect on the CMR in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. This indicates that scientific and socio-economic factors are highly correlated with each other and, therefore, have a positive impact on the CMR, mainly in Europe and the USA. However, the science-health relationship in Armenia is still weak and requires efforts to prevent the continued rise in CMR levels. The findings of this study can also be applied to other fields of science and help to establish close links between scientometrics and various branches of medicine.

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Proceedings of NPUA . Metallurgy, Material Science, Mining Engineering

18 May, 2022

How to Perform a Bibliometric Analysis of Journals for Specific Scientific Fields

Scientometric analysis of the research results is recognized as one of the most important tools for monitoring the academic impact and scientific advancement at various levels. The study of publications in a particular area is a good indicator of the state of research work. A study of publications provides a concise understanding of the direction of research, implications and current trends in a particular academic field. The results are very useful for academicans, scientists, policy-makers in the scientific field, and professional organizations. This work is aimed at performing a bibliometric analysis with scientometric indicators in materials science, metallurgy and mining in terms of evaluating the research results during 2012-2019. The parameters of the relevant research include the trend of increasing publications, the distribution of publications by language, the distribution of publications by country and subject area, collaboration models, identification of the most productive institutions, publications with high citation, and the most preferred journals for publications by authors. scientists. This scientrometric study analyzes the publications of Proceedings of National Polytechnic University of Armenia. Metallurgy, Material Science, Mining Engineering. This research will help academicians, in particular, and science policy-makers to have better comprehension and understanding how to promote science policy and guide scientists from a concerned academic field to undertake promising research. The study is based on the research of 168 scientific publications. A research like this provides an invaluable and key insight into the effectiveness of scientific contributions that can influence science policy and research strategies in specific areas of academic interest.

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Journal of Data and Information Science

03 July, 2020

Scientometric Implosion that Leads to Explosion: Case Study of Armenian Journals

The purpose of this study is to introduce a new concept and term into the scientometric discourse and research—scientometric implosion—and test the idea on the example of the Armenian journals. The article argues that the existence of a compressed scientific area in the country makes pressure on the journals and after some time this pressure makes one or several journals explode—break the limited national scientific area and move to the international arena. As soon as one of the local journals breaks through this compressed space and appears at an international level, further explosion happens, which makes the other journals follow the same path. Our research is based on three international scientific databases—WoS, Scopus, and RISC CC, from where we have retrieved information about the Armenian journals indexed there and citations received by those journals and one national database—the Armenian Science Citation Index. Armenian Journal Impact Factor (ArmJIF) was calculated for the local Armenian journals based on the general impact factor formula. Journals were classified according to . Our results show that the science policy developed by the scientific authorities of Armenia and the introduction of ArmJIF have made the Armenian journals comply with international standards and resulted in some local journals to break the national scientific territory and be indexed in international scientific databases of RISC, Scopus, and WoS. Apart from complying with technical requirements, the journals start publishing articles also in foreign languages. Although nearly half of the local journals are in the fields of social sciences and humanities, only one journal from that field is indexed in international scientific databases. One of the limitations of the study is that it was performed on the example of only one state and the second one is that more time passage is needed to firmly evaluate the results. However, the introduction of the concept can inspire other similar case study. The new term and relevant model offered in the article can practically be used for the development of national journals. The article proposes a new term and a concept in scientometrics.

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Scholarly Research and Information

25 March, 2019

Scientific Cooperation between Armenian and the EAEU: Reality and Development Trends

The aim of this article is to analyze and assess the scientific collaboration between the Republic of Armenia (RA) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) member-states. In the Introduction, the article dwells into the integration processes that started right after the collapse of the Soviet Union with a main emphasis on the EAEU. The situation in the scientific sphere in Armenia is presented briefly, followed by highlighting the role of international scientific collaboration as a way to overcome a crisis in the science field. The role of the Committee of Sciences of the RA in the development of international collaboration is emphasized. The first steps in the framework of EAEU to activate scientific-technical cooperation are stressed. The Materials and Methods Section outlines the databases on which the study is based, that are the Web of Science Core Collection (WOS CC) and the Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI). The timeframe for the data retrieved from the WOS CC is 1991–2016, while for the RSCI — 2005–2016. The types of collaborations, as well as five stages of research — data retrieval from the WOS CC and the RSCI, data cleaning, quantitative analysis of citation, quantitative analysis of co-authored papers of the RA with each EAEU member-state and the distribution of the co-authored papers by the scientific fields — are mentioned. The Results Section presents the results of the study by the five mentioned stages and the relevant analysis. The Discussion and Conclusion Section presents the main conclusions of the study. It mainly stresses that Russia is the main scientific partner of Armenia, followed by Belarus. Scientific collaboration of Armenia with Kazakhstan and Kirgizia are on a very low level. Physics was recognized to be the leading field of collaboration. Generally, the article concludes that it is too early to speak about the role of the EAEU in the development of scientific collaboration between the member-states. In order to assure a stable growth of collaboration among the EAEU member-states a huge work should be done.

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20 July, 2017

The role of state grants in the Armenian-Russian scientific ties development: bibliometric analysis

The article aims at presenting and assessing the role of state-financed grants in the Armenian-Russian scientific ties development. Armenian-Russian relations have a long history of collaboration and capture nearly all fields starting from cultural-humanitarian to military-political ones. Scientific cooperation is amongst the most rapidly developing aspects of bilateral relations. Since 2012 scientific cooperation is being implemented also within the framework of statesponsored bilateral grant projects organized jointly by the State Committee of Sciences of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under the Government of the Russian Federation. The paper considers four competitions carried out within the framework of the above grant programs. The study is based on the Armenian, Russian and international databases to evaluate bibliometric indicators – Web of Science (WoS), Russian Index of Scientific Citation (RSCI) and Armenian Index of Scientific Citation (ASCI). The study period is 1991–2015. Due to differences in access to the above-mentioned databases, the time frame of the information used differs: publications indexed in WoS were considered for 2006–2015, RSCI – 1991–2015 and ASCI – 2007–2012. Such bibliometric indicators as author's publications number, author's citations total number, the Hirsch index, journals impact factor, self-citations number, an average number of citations per a publication are used. The above bibliometric indicators, as well as ages and scientific degrees of winners and other participants, have been compared with each other. The article also analyzes the scientific journals where the results of the projects were published. In general, the paper emphasizes the high effectiveness of state grant programs in the Armenian-Russian scientific cooperation development.

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Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya

19 July, 2017

Assessment of scientific cooperation between the scientists from Armenia and Russia within the Joint bilateral grant projects

Armenian-Russian scientific relations have a solid historical basis, developed both within the same state and on the level of independent states. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia have signed a number of agreements to regulate and enhance existing scientific relations. Starting from 2012 state-sponsored bilateral grant competitions were the next important step in deepening the existing scientific ties and building new cooperation. The article discusses Armenian-Russian bilateral grant projects organized jointly by the State Committee of Sciences of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia and the Russian National Foundation for Humanities and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under the Government of the Russian Federation. Within the framework of cooperation between these bodies on the contractual basis 5 grant projects have been organized so far. However, only 4 projects are discussed in this article as the last one has started very recently and it is too early to speak about the results. The study is based on the databases of Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science (WOS), eLibrary’s Russian Index of Scientific Citation (RINC) and Armenian Index of Scientific Citation (AINC) developed by the Center for Scientific Information Analysis and Monitoring. Publications of the participants of the grant projects indexed in WOS were considered from 2006 till 2015, RINC – 1991–2015 and AINC – 2007–2012 (the difference in timeframes is connected with the availability of the resources). The period of investigation captures 1991 to 2015, although in some cases it goes deep into 1981. For the implementation of this research such bibliometric indicators as author’s publication number, citation number, self citation number, average citation per item, H-index, impact factor of the journals were used. The participants of the grant projects were divided into two groups: the winners and the other participants. Bibliometric indicators, ages as well as scientific degrees of these two groups were compared. The influence of these bilateral grants projects on the overall Armenian-Russian scientific cooperation was also highlighted. Basing on our investigation we came to the conclusion that in some cases bibliometric indicators of the other participants’ group prevail over the winners’ group, while the results of the grants peer-review process not always correlate with the bibliometric indicators of the winning group.

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Banber- Bulletin of Yerevan university. Sociology, Economics

27 June, 2012

Assessing the Intellectual Property of CIS Countries in the Context of Science

Each era poses its own challenges not only for individual countries but also for mankind as a whole. It is undeniable that the main challenge of the 21st century is the creation of a knowledgebased society that ensures a country’s position, its prosperity and status in the rapidly changing global landscape. Traditionally, economists consider physical and human capital as key resources for facilitating productive and economic activity. However, knowledge, too, has been reorganized as a valuable resource. And although the role of knowledge was admitted long ago its investment into everyday life process came to existence later, particularly in some regions and states. The issue is of particular concern to post-Soviet area. The collapse of the Soviet Union did not match a breakthrough in R&D sector. The reforms towards the reanimation of Intellectual capital began to be implemented only after a significant delay. Moreover, they were far not in conformity with economic needs. One of the past heritages still remained a significant gap between what industries need and the quality of human resources. It is also difficult to underestimate the role of funding in the sector. However, despite multiple challenges, IC (intellectual capacity) in some Republics is very promising, particularly from the perspective of economic competitiveness. Maintaining past experiences and mentality threats, there is a possibility to adopt new Societal Innovations and mark a breakthrough

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